Biogas in Brazil is an energy source that has enormous potential, but not yet explored. It is possible to obtain the gas from several sources, such as biomass, organic solid waste from sanitary landfills and animal waste. According to the Energy Research Company (EPE), currently the main source of biogas production is landfills, with 51%, followed by the beverage and food industries with 25% and swine farming with 14%.
To encourage the production of biogas and biomethane in Brazil, the government launched measures for the sector. The actions are in line with the commitments made by the country at the 26th United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP26) to decarbonize the energy matrix. Currently, Brazil uses only 2% of what it could produce from these fuels. In other words, there is a huge space for development in the area, however, investments and legislation are essential for this growth.
Since the Industrial Revolution, the world's energy system has focused on the use of fossil fuels to generate energy and keep the entire production chain moving. Over time, this dependence has generated global shocks and geopolitical consequences, as countries that own oil wells centralize power due to the need for other nations to buy this commodity.
What is the future of GD in 2022? On January 6, 2022, Law 14,300 was enacted, providing a real change in the distributed generation market. According to the Brazilian Association of Distributed Generation (ABGD), the law will bring legal certainty to contracts and economic advantages, increasing investments and adherence to the model.
Do you know how WTE plants help the country's development? It is possible to say that on a global level, society is already aware of the importance of the correct disposal of waste. On a general level, governments and companies already recognize the value of these materials for energy generation, in addition to their environmental importance. After all, this type of process transforms useless materials into some by-product that returns to the production chain.
Do you know what are the main sources of distributed generation used in Brazil? Distributed generation is a model in which consumers can generate their own energy. In addition to bringing savings and freedom to consumers, GD, as a system that decentralizes energy production, is also important for the electrical system that becomes more stable and less dependent on hydroelectric plants.
The updating of the sanitation legal framework created a new environment for the development of the RSU and renewables market in the country. The new basic sanitation framework aims to improve access and universalization of water and sewage services. But, in addition, the changes also attract new investments and benefit the urban solid waste energy recovery market (USW).