As there is no exclusive regulation for biogas and biomethane, historically, the Brazilian regulations that govern these markets have more connection with other fuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel than with natural gas. This occurred because the laws that dealt with gas dealt only with natural gas of fossil origin, excluding other sources.
In 2022, even with increased energy demand in some countries, emissions from the energy sector are expected to decrease. The data is from the International Energy Agency (IEA) Electricity Market report, which points to a drop in overall global electricity demand of 2.4%. Thus, the values should pull emissions from the energy sector down, pointing to a decline of 0.5%.
Biomethane production in Brazil has grown and gas is cited as a source for decarbonization in the transport sector. According to the survey carried out by Abiogás, there are 25 biomethane plants expected to start operating by 2027 with projects in which investment exceeds R$ 1 billion. With this, it is expected to reach 2.3 million m/³ day of produced volume.
The latest report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states that the mitigation measures needed to tackle climate change are urgent. The IPCC is a UN climate advisory body and was created in 1988 by the United Nations Environment Program and the World Meteorological Organization. Its objective is to monitor and disseminate relevant research related to climate change.
The low carbon economy is a project that proposes actions with the objective of reducing the impacts of the generation of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) on the environment. By encouraging a low carbon economy, countries are able to develop the economy, generate employment and invest in sustainability.